Academic Calendar

Biological Sciences Major

The Biology major is a competitive major. Students must complete BIOL 107 and BIOL 108 with no grade lower than C-. Students must also have completed a minimum of one of BIOL 207 or BIOL 208, and be registered in the remaining course during the winter term when declarations close. The number of new seats available in the Biological Sciences major will be determined by the Biology department annually. Students will submit their declaration by January 15. Students who apply will be ranked by their admissions GPA, which is calculated using their most recent 24 credits of university-level course work, without breaking up a term. Applicants with the highest GPA will be admitted to the program first, until no seats remain. Students will be notified of the success or denial of their application to the Biological Sciences major no later than February 1.

Total credits required for major - 42 to 60 credits with a minimum of 36 credits at the senior-level.

A minimum of 18 credits at the 300- or 400- level.

A minimum of 6 credits must be at the 400- level.

Note: Students majoring in biological sciences are required to complete CHEM 101, CHEM 102, and STAT 151. These courses can be used to fulfil the Breadth Requirements.

Course ID Course Name Credits
Specific Major Requirements
BIOL 107Introduction to Cell Biology3
BIOL 108Organisms in Their Environment3
BIOL 207Principles of Genetics3
BIOL 208Principles of Ecology3
Select either: the General Biological Major, the Molecular/Cellular or Ecology and Diversity Streams30-48
Total Credits42-60

General Biological Sciences Major Requirements

Course ID Course Name Credits
Select 30 to 48 credits of junior- and senior-level biological sciences courses 130-48
Total Credits30-48

Molecular/Cellular Stream Requirements

Course ID Course Name Credits
Select 30 credits from the following:30
Introductory Biochemistry
Intermediary Metabolism
Structure and Function of Biomolecules
Nucleic Acid Biochemistry
Eukaryotic Cellular Biology I
Principles of Molecular Biology
Introduction to Microbiology
Eukaryotic Cellular Biology II
Animal Developmental Biology
History of Biology
Mechanisms of Evolution
Introduction to Population Genetics
Biostatistics and Research Design
Advanced Animal Developmental Biology
Techniques in Molecular and Cellular Biology
Pathobiology: The Cellular Basis of Disease
Field Placement
Special Topics
Advanced Independent Study
Genetics and Society
Genetic Analysis of Bacteria
Genetic Analysis of Eukaryotes
Genome Organization
Investigations into Gene Regulation
Human Genetics
Animal Physiology I
Animal Physiology II
Select up to 18 credits of junior- and senior-level biological sciences courses 118
Total Credits48

Ecology and Diversity Stream Requirements

Course ID Course Name Credits
Select 30 credits from the following:30
Freshwater Ecology
Terrestrial Ecology
Population Ecology
History of Biology
Community Ecology
Mechanisms of Evolution
Introduction to Population Genetics
Biostatistics and Research Design
Marine Biology
Tropical Rainforest Ecology
Conservation Biology
Animal Behaviour
Techniques in Field Ecology
Invasion Ecology and Management
Methods in Experimental Ecology
Field Placement
Special Topics
Advanced Independent Study
Fundamentals of Plant Biology
Plant Responses and Interactions
Vertebrate Adaptations and Evolution
Animal Physiology I
Animal Physiology II
Survey of the Invertebrates
Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
Aquatic Vertebrates
Terrestrial Vertebrates
Entomology
Principles of Parasitism
Select up to 18 credits of junior- and senior-level biological sciences courses 1